Friday, April 27, 2012
The migration of individuals and communities throughout time and across great distances is recognized as a historical fact throughout human history. Migrations are a prominent theme within many Mesoamerican historical narratives and in prehistoric imagery. Archaeologists studying the Maya often cursorily discuss the likelihood of population movements during Precolumbian times, particularly in consideration of the southern lowland Maya “collapse” in the Late/Terminal Classic period(s)(A.D. 750-1050). While in recent years some scholars have begun to investigate Maya immigrants using biological and chemical scientific methods, the archaeological investigation of the resettlement of a migrant or immigrant Maya community in wake of the Maya “collapse” has remained somewhat elusive. This paper seeks to discuss the interwoven processes of population movement, resettlement and regeneration in the aftermath of societal collapse, as elucidated through the archaeological investigation of the Terminal Classic period Strath Bogue site of Northern Belize.
Stanley Guenter - Idaho State University
Sihyaj Chan K’awiil II of Tikal, a.k.a. “Stormy Sky”, was one of the most important rulers of Early Classic Tikal. He is most famous for having commissioned Stela 31, which bears the lengthiest text from the site and discusses the “arrival of strangers” from Central Mexico and the imposition of a new dynasty on the city. This inscription has been difficult to interpret due to the monument having been broken and desecrated when enemies conquered the site. A closer examination of this text reveals many important new details about Tikal’s history, including revelations about other damaged monuments, including Stela 1 and the enigmatic “Hombre de Tikal” sculpture. In this workshop we will look at these new data about Early Classic Tikal and the exciting and traumatic events that unfolded in this city in the 4th and 5th centuries.
This workshop provides methodological justification and practical application of archaeological illustration techniques. Participants will learn to draw and process archaeological illustrations for modern publication and research purposes and will practice with a collection from the Belize Valley.
Archaeological skeletal remains provide data on population demographics that other cultural materials cannot. Factors such as social status, environment, diet, warfare and genetics all have varying affects on the bones and teeth. This workshop will teach you how to estimate the age-at-death and sex on skeletal remains, along with learning how some commonly found diseases manifest osteologically. Then, through differential diagnosis, we will investigate a case study of a mysterious Maya individual. Do you think you can win the challenge of creating an accurate osteobiography of this person? If so, join in to find out.
Mat's students, who will be going to Belize during the summer, attended the conference. Part of the time Mat had asked speakers to give separate presentations to the students to help wiht their studies. Here Mark van Stone explains the Long Count to them.
Each day lunch was available with an additional ticket. This provided a good lunch with some time to talk to other attendees as well as speakers, without having to leave the conference.
The spectacular contexts of Maya royal burials are the source of some of our most detailed archaeological data. They also present challenges for the archaeologist because the information must be teased out of centuries of changes, some from natural forces such as decomposition and decay, and some by human intervention, such as sacking, looting, or reverential tomb reentry. Archaeologists must not only draw on training and experience, but must also keep an open mind to what might seem unlikely possibilities in order to unravel these narratives. This lecture will discuss one of these contexts, a royal burial from the site of El Perú-Waka´.
Of the literally dozens of burial urns excavated at Comalcalco, Tabasco, Mexico, that of the eighth century priest Aj Pakal Tahn stands out as primus inter pares. Despite that he carried neither royal titles nor claimed descent from kings, some 30 stingray spines and 90 shell pendants provide us with his richly-detailed life story. He conducted annual bloodletting rites to his gods, took captives in warfare and, to the extent that we can trust a narrative which amounts to his own memoirs, staved off both a drought and famine during his priestly tenure in AD 765-777. His grave goods are impressive, and include obsidian blades and stingray spines (used in penitential bloodletting), dozens of small beads made of pyrite, jade and spondylus shell (used in divination), and intricate flint eccentrics (used in fire-drilling rituals). But for their extraordinary richness, these items would not be out of place in the kit of any contemporary Maya shaman
Until recently, the presence of priests in Classic Maya society could only be postulated, and debate has always accompanied inferences of priestly roles based on Colonial documents. Nonetheless, a close analysis of Aj Pakal Tahn's commemorative texts, their associated artifacts and their spatial associations with temple architecture strongly urge his identification as a priest. He provides us with the first contemporaneous evidence that the k’uhulajaw (High King and Chief Priest of the Classic Maya city-state) regularly shared religious duties with subordinate specialists.
Both morning and mfternoon, snacks and liquid refreshments were available. The breaks offered a chance to stretch your legs and figure out what to attend next.
The Place of Monuments at Tres Zapotes, Veracruz, Mexico
Christopher A. Pool- University of Kentucky
Tres Zapotes has yielded over 50 stone monuments, including such famous examples as Stela C and the first discovered of the Olmec colossal heads. In antiquity, as today, monuments were set and re-set to imbue ceremonial spaces and other places with meaning. In this paper I explore various senses of "place" as they relate to the Olmec and epi-Olmec monuments of Tres Zapotes - (l) a meaningful location, in this case constituted through the placement of monumental sculpture and architecture; (2) the notion of place as significance, parrticularly the historical significance of these works; (3) the current places of the Tres Zapotes monuments and the "place" of ancient sculpture in forming local, regional, and national identities; and (4) how place may be lost, forgotten, and rediscovered. The monuments ofTres Zapotes offer numerous examples of the ancient and continuing importance of monuments as pertains to each of these concepts of place.
Ah Chan, born about 1667, was a nephew of Ahaw Kan Ek’, the last king in the ruling Kan Ek’ dynasty of the Itzas of Petén, Guatemala. His father, also an Itza noble, was from Tipu, a once-christianized (and archaeologically important) town in western Belize. Ah Chan’s life spanned the final three decades of Itza independence from Spanish rule and the tragic years following the 1697 Spanish occupation of Nohpeten, the Itza island capital on Lago Petén Itzá (today Flores). I present details about Ah Chan’s role as ambassador to the Spaniards prior to the occupation, his later conflicted status as both ally and enemy of the Spaniards, and his eventual self-exile and establishment of a “new kingdom” in southern Belize. These biographical details shed light on the inner workings of the Itza kingdom and provide a unique personal perspective on one of its last royal leaders.
2012 Maya at the Lago Lifetime Achievement Award
Dr. Grant D. Jones
Grant D. Jones served on the faculty of Hamilton College from 1968 to 1985 and was Professor of Anthropology at Davidson College from 1985 until his retirement in 2004. His principal reesearch interests focus on the ethnohistory of the Maya-speaking peoples of the Yucatan peninsula, Belize, and northern Guatemala, especially their experiences during the period of Spanish coloniallism. In addition he has carried out ethnographic research with Maya peoples in Belize and Quintana Roo, Mexico and has written on the nineteenth-century Caste War of Yucatan as well as the indigenous peoples of the sixteenth-century Georgia coast. He was co-director of the first season (1980) of archaeological research at the colonial-period Maya site of Negroman-Tipu in the Cayo District, Belize.
Dr. Jones is the author of The Politics of Agricultural Development in Northern British Honduras (Wake Forest University, 1971), Maya Resistance to Spanish Rule: Time and History an a Coloonial Frontier (University of New Mexico Press, 1989), and The Conquest of the Last Maya Kingdom (Stanford University Press, 1998). He is editor of Anthropology and History in Yucatan (University of Texas Press, 1977) and co-editor of The Transition to Statehood in the New World (Cambridge University Press, 1981).
He has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Council of Learned Socieeties, was a Resident Scholar at the School of American Reesearch (Santa Fe, NM), and was co-principal investigator on a National Science Foundation grant to support archaeological research in Peten, Guatemala. We are honored to present the second Maya at the Lago Lifetime Achievement Award to Dr. Jones for his amazing career and his contributions to our field.
The Lifetime Achievement Dinner Cruise honoring Grant D. Jones.
(additional ticket required)